Agate is a variety of Quartz (Chalcedony) and comes in a variety of banded, striped tones and colours. Agate comes in a number of varieties from Brazilian agate which can be found as large geodes of layered stone or Greek Agate which is pale white to tan coloured. Agate stone is centuries old and was known to both the ancient Sumerians (ancient Iraq) and the Egyptians who used agate for jewellery, decoration and religious ceremony. Agate has been used in jewellery since Biblical Babylonian times.
Botswana Agate is striped and is a dramatic looking stone. Botswana Agate is believed to be a gentle, comforting stone, enhancing creativity and abstract thinking. Sometimes called the "Change Stone" as it is beneficial in helping to handle change in a positive way. Other forms of agate include carnelian agate which has a reddish hue, blue lace agate, fortification agate (which exhibits as a block colour), fire agate (which glows like an opal) and Mexican crazy-lace agate which exhibits a brightly coloured, banded pattern). Agate is found in Uruguay, Brazil, Mexico, Madagascar, Italy, Egypt, India and China.
Agate is considered the primary stone for protection and is one of the oldest stones in recorded history. A decision promoting stone, Agate attracts strength, gives protection from bad dreams and also protects from stress and energy drains. Agate is considered a stone of strength in that it gives the wearer the strength to carry on in bad times.
Amazonite is an opaque stone and is a milky green colour. It is named after the Amazon River. It is usually blue-green in colour but can range from blue to silky white. The stone is found in India, Russia, Australia and Norway. Properties of the Amazonite stone are success, joy, self-expression, anxiety, calming and soothing the mind, promoting courage and bravery, communications awakening the heart, soothing, harmony and balance.
Amazonite is said to balance feminine and masculine energy as well as promoting kindness and practicality. It is a highly suitable stone for artists and men. The pale blue amazonite is known as the 'hope stone', lucky for all the wearers hopes and dreams.
Amethyst can range in colour from light purple to dark purple. It is dichroic, showing a bluish or reddish purple tinge when viewed from different angles. Colour is usually an indicator of the quality of the stone - the clearer and darker the colour the more valuable. Amethyst is found in Zambia, Namibia, Canada, Brazil, Sri Lanka, India, Uruguay, Madagascar, Australia and Russia. Amethyst from Russia has a reddish tinge and Amethyst from Canada is violet. Properties of Amethyst are contentment, spirituality, dreams, healing, peace, happiness, courage, love and intuition. Amethyst was tradionally worn to guard against drunkenness and believed to protect the wearer from poison.
The ancient Egyptians wore Amethyst as a protective stone and to guard against guilty and fearful feelings. Amethyst is one of the power stones as it is also used for meditation and to open the spiritual and psychic centres. Amethyst is a gemstone often worn by healers, as it has the power to focus energy. Amethyst helps overcome fears and cravings. It also helps relieve headaches.
Angelite is formed from Celestite that has been compressed for millions of years. The properties of Angelite are heightened awareness, and peace. Angelite promotes compassion and understanding, alleviates psychological pain and enhances astrological understanding. Angelite is said to help forge contact with angels.
Aqua Quartz is a member of the quartz family and is known as the tranquillity stone. The colour is a light, clear blue. Aqua Quartz is a soothing, stress relieving stone and also gives the ability to reach out to others. Aqua Quartz alleviates fear, calms the mind, promotes understanding of the wearer's spiritual nature and inspires hope.
Aragonite varies in color and can be white, gray, colorless, yellow, pale blue, violet, or brown. Aragonite is also the primary mineral that makes up the organic compound commonly known as mother of pearl.
Aragonite is a grounding stone. It is often used to center and ground physical energies and is very useful during stressful times. Aragonite is found in Spain, Mexico, Morocco, New Mexico and Arizona. The stone was first discovered in a province of Spain, Argon where the name of the stone originates.
Aventurine ranges in colour from light, mid to dark green and if you look closely you will find tiny specks of green mica. Aventurine can also be found in pink and peach. Aventurine is in Brazil, India, Russia, Japan and Tanzania. The properties of Aventurine are healing, money, good luck mental agility, visual acuity, peace, opening of the heart, motivation and leadership. Aventurine is the stone of opportunity especially for those who play the lottery.
Green Aventurine is the stone of opportunity and is also known as the stone of luck and chance. It is said to increase perception and creative insight.
Calcite is translucent and waxy in appearance, and markings are frequent and often banded. These calcite round beads vary widely in colour within strands offering interesting combinations of whites, greens, yellows and browns. We use a Calcite which is a warm lemon colour with faint streaks of white. These beads also vary in colour between strands. Some show an overall light appearance with a mix of mainly whites, pale greens and yellows where some contain a lot of brown
Calcite is a healing stone with a range of calming properties one of which is to encourage better decision making. Lemon or Honey calcite is said to encourage persistence, tenacity and intellectual focus and white calcite encourages healing and cleansing.
Candy Jade is made from top quality white jade and put through a complex heating and color enhancing process and penetrated from surface to center with vibrant colors. Jade is used for good luck and when carved into or teamed with a butterfly encourages love.
Carnelian is a red variety of Chalcedony which is a type of Quartz. Carnelian comes in a range of colours from intense amber to red-orange. Carnelian is found in the deserts of Arabia and Egypt it can also be found in India, China, Colombia, Saxony, Scotland and Germany. The properties of Carnelian are precision, analytical capabilities, physical energy, verbal skill, peace, spirituality, ambition, drive and confidence.
Carnelian protects against fear, envy, and rage, and helps to banish sorrow from the emotional structure. Carnelian gives energy and protects from bad vibrations. It is said to guard against poverty. Carnelian also helps give a sense of humor. The other properties of Carnelian are as an energy booster, protection from bad vibrations, calms the temper and guards against poverty.
Chalcedony is related to the Quartz family of stone. It ranges in colour from lemon, aqua, pink, lavender, white, light tan, grey, yellow, red, mid blue or brown. . The properties of Chalcedony are memory improvement, enhance listening, enhance communication skills.
Chalcedony is considered a sacred stone by the Native American Indians and is said to nurture and promote brotherhood and good will. Chalcedony brings harmony to the mind and spirit, instills generosity. Chalcedony is found in Austria, Iceland, Mexico, New Zealand, Brazil, Russia and the United States.
A cherry red colour similar to deep raspberry in colour.
Citrine is a type of Quartz and is related to the Amethyst which is the purple form of Quartz and also to Rock Crystal which is the colourless variety of Quartz. Citrine is a yellow quartz which ranges in colour from pale lemon to a deep sunny yellow to golden colour. The name Citrine comes from the French 'Citron' which is French for lemon.
The properties of Citrine are intuition, increase in self esteem, promotes clarity of thought, protects from negative energy, comfort, protection, creativity, physical energy, wealth, mental awakening, feel good and emotional well being. Citrine is also known as the lucky 'money' stones and is said to be good for those in any type of sales. Citrine is also known as the stone of harmony. Citrine is an excellent stone to calm and soothe and also promotes the wearers radiance.
Citrine is said to increase self-esteem, protect from negative energy, open the mind to new thoughts and pathways, promote clarity of thought and calms and soothes. . Citrine is found in Brazil, Bolivia, some African countries, and Russia.
Coral comes in a variety of colours from deep red to pink, white, black and blue. Sponge Coral is another variety. Coral is the vacated home of marine life and grows in branches. Coral is found in the Red Sea, the African Coast, Hawaii and Japan. The coral we use comes from sustainable sources and is not included in the international preservation programmes.
Black coral is protected as it is an endangered material and should not be bought. The Properties of Coral are diplomacy, quieting emotions and visualisation. We use Red Coral, Sponge Coral and Turquoise Coral in our jewellery collection. Coral is used to ward off lethargy and a source of energy. Coral is found in the seas of the South Pacific, Japan, Africa, the Mediterranean and off the coast of Australia.
White coral promotes friendship, creativity, wisdom, optimism and balance and absorbs negative energy. White Coral is also used to aid depression and lethargy. Modern research has found that coral contains hormones that are a strong and positive influence on the human body. Coral reduces stress and fear and promotes rest, peace and relaxation.
Garnet is usually found in a deep pomegranate colour flecked with red. Garnet also comes in orange, yellow, white, yellow green, emerald green which is the most prized variety. Garnet is found in Sri Lanka, African, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Scotland, Switzerland and Tanzania. The properties of Garnet are protection, protection the wearer when on trips, friendship, stimulating success in business, a protection against negative energy, emotional cleansing, dispersal of fear, protection against melancholy.
Crystal quart is the clear variety of quartz first found in the frozen mountains of the Alps. Crystal Quartz is found in Brazil, Madagascar, Switzerland, France.
Crystal Quartz It is said to have cooling powers and is a romantic stone. It is mainly used in healing and for meditating.
Hematite is a form of iron oxide and is a shiny dark grey/black colour. It is very sleek and reflects. Hematite can be found in Brazil, China, Germany, Canada, Italy and the United Kingdom. The properties of Hematite are mental attunement, memory, calming, balance, focus, peace and inner happiness. Haematite also has grounding properties, improves relationships, reduces stress, enhances the wearer's will, courage and helps to transform negative energy to good energy.
Honey Jade is a deep honey/butter colour and is particularly beautiful when it is cut into faceted beads and other shapes. Jade is used to attract love and promote a positive attitude and is also one of the stones for luck.
Howlite is a super-calming stone and many people use it to relieve stress of all kinds. Howlite also promotes patience. Howlite comes in white, cream and turquoise.
Iolite is a deep purplish blue colour and it is also sometimes known as 'water sapphire'. Iolite is found in Madagascar, Tanzania, India and Sri Lanka. The properties of Iolite are intuition, spiritual growth, healing, balance, inner knowledge, supports eye health, stimulates memory and helps with sleep problems.
Jade is part of the Serapandine family and comes in a variety of colours from white, denim, red, green, pink and honey. We use new jade, white jade and honey jade in our Jewellery collection. The beauty of jade lies in the many rich variations in colour, translucence and pattern. Jade is an overall good luck stone to attract wealth not just financial but in friendship, health and happiness. Jade is found in China, Myanmar, Italy, Russia and the Middle East.
Jade has tradionally been used to attract love. Jade is said to help with clear reasoning and help strengthen mental facilities. Jade is also a protective stone and guards against misfortune and accidents. Jade is used to attract love and promote a positive attitude and is also one of the stones for luck.
Jade is used to attract love and promote a positive attitude and is also one of the stones for luck. Jade also strengthens your mental faculties and assists in clear reasoning and is also a protective stone, guarding against accidents and misfortune.
African Jade enhances expressiveness, intelligence, and perception. Jade is used to attract love and promote a positive attitude and is also one of the stones for luck. Jade also strengthens your mental faculties and assists in clear reasoning and is also a protective stone, guarding against accidents and misfortune.
Jasper is a form of Chalcedony and usually comes in many colours usually in colour tones of red, yellow, brown or green. It can also be opaque. Jasper is highly polished and the colour formation can also come out in a striped or banded formation. The name 'jasper' means "spotted stone"and comes from the Anglo-French word 'jaspre', and from the Greek word 'jaspis'. Jasper promotes physical energy.
Picture Jasper is a form of Brown Jasper. It is a grounding and harmonizing stone with a strong connection to the earth. It is said to promote feelings of responsibility towards the planet, encouraging a need to care for and protect it.
Picture Jasper's grounding energy can give you a strong sense of who you are, where you've been and where you are going. It is said to encourage creative visualisation, creativity and business pursuits. It is also said to help alleviate fear. Picture Jasper is said to stimulate and protect the immune system, help clear toxins from the body and to strength resolve and has a strong connection to the earth. It is said to encourage creative visualisation, creativity and business pursuits. It is also said to help alleviate fear.
Red Jasper is said to be the 'stability' gemstone in that it gives protection against things that will be harmful to the wearer. Red Jasper is also said to ease emotional stress, gives the wearer the courage to speak out, encourage personal independence and help balance the energy in the body.
Dalmation Jasper is a cream coloured jasper with black spots. Jasper is said to instill a courage and determination to succeed.
Labrodorite comes in a range of colours from charcoal grey to light brown. It can also be spotted and speckled and can exhibit streaked stripes. Other names for Labrodiorite are Moonstone and sunstone. Labrodorite is a power stone allowing the wearer to see though untruths, illusions and determine the wearer's true hearts desire.
Labrodite is said to help strengthen the wearers intuition, stimulates imagination and enthusiasm leading to new ideas. Labrodorite is found in Norway, and the blue variety is only found in Finland.
Larimar (dolphin stone, Atlantis stone)
Larimar is a relatively new find that occurs one place on earth - on the island of Hispaniola, in the Caribbean Sea.
Larimar was originally discovered in 1916 by a Spanish priest who reported the discovery but no mining was done. Then, in 1974, the American Peace Corps Volunteer, Norman Rilling, and the Dominican, Miguel Mendez, rediscovered the stone on the beaches of Barahona. It was determined by geologists that larimar is a rare form of blue pectolite.
Larimar is created by volcanic activity and is said to balance water and fire energy, assist in the expression of emotions, teaches love, respect and nurturing and is said to be an aid for pregnant or new mothers to relieve depression and stress.
Lapis Lazuli, or lazurite is an opaque semiprecious stone that is characterized by its deep violet-blue color. Lapis lazuli is an ancient gem, and as such, has a storied history.
The very earliest cultures valued lapis lazuli more highly than gold and was known as the stone of royalty. Greeks spoke of an ancient sapphire which was included with gold, and this was unmistakably lapis. Some believed that dreaming of lapis would foretell love that would be forever faithful. Lapis Lazuli is often known as the 'truth crystal' as it also ensures that the words the wearer speaks are in alignment with their own personal truth. The ancient Egyptians used Lapis Lazuli as a symbol of Truth and believed to offer protection to the wearer.
Lapis was treasured by the ancient Egyptian and Babylonian civilizations, and was often worn by royalty (blue being the color of royalty in many ancient cultures). Lapis was also a popular gemstone with the ancient Chinese, Greeks, and Romans. Lapis Lazuli can be found in Chile, the Soviet Union, the United States, but most significantly from the mountains of Afghanistan.
Black Lava stone is a light weight material usually texturised with small holes. Most Lava stone is harvested from volcanoes and is also known as volcano stone. Lava stone beads are made from basalt, a type of igneous rock formed during volcanic eruptions. Lava stone created during volcanic eruptions and fire, is said to burns away sickness and negativity.
Is said to be a stone that helps to relieve stress. It is meant to be a calming stone - a piece placed under your pillow is said to bring a more restful sleep. Magnesite helps to stimulate the mind to communicate with the heart and enables a person to be true to themselves.
Malachite is believed to be a strong protector of children. It is said to protect the wearer from accidents and protects travelers. Malachite has been used to aid success in business and protect against undesirable business associations. It is a stone of balance in relationships.
Malachite is always green, usually in banded tones varying from very dark green to a mellow green. The colors in the individual bands range from a very light green to deep forest green, with occasional irregular black banding. Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans used malachite for jewelry and ground it to use as eye shadow. It is used in amulets to protect against the evil eye. In the Middle Ages it was used to protect children from danger.
The ancient Egyptians mined malachite as early as 5000 BC. Malachite was mined in the eastern deserts of Egypt, the Sinai, and at the King Solomon's Mines in Israel's Timna valley. It was not only used to craft jewelry, but also as a colorfast pigment in paint, cosmetic eye-shadow and in glazing. Most malachite comes from Zaire, Chile and Australia.
New jade is the most common colour. It is a translucent sea green colour.
Onyx is a variety of Chalcedony formed by the deposition of silica within gas cavities in lava. It is a glossy black stone with distinct faint banding. It is particularly beautiful when it is carved into faceted beads that reflect the light. The properties of Onyx is protection. Oynx is known to separate and can help release negative emotions such as sorrow and grief. Oynx is also said to guard against negativity directed at the wearer as well as fostering a healthy sense of self confidence and responsibility.
Black Oynx is known to strengthen self-confidence and responsibility and also encourage a healthy assertiveness and egotism.
Prehnite is a translucent or semi-transparent to opaque stone and is typically cut into cabochons, and is rarely facetted Prehnite appears similar to apatite, peridot, or jade because of its medium green colour.
Prehnite is a stone of unconditional love, said to help connect ones will to the heart's desire therefore enabling the wearer to act for the greater good and is said to connect to the archangel Raphael. Prehnite enhances inner knowledge, showing the path forward to spiritual growth through attunement to divine energy.
Peridot is the gemstone of the summer month of August. Peridot gets its colour due to the presence of iron. Peridot is a very old gemstone and it can be found in Egyptian jewellery from the early 2nd millennium B.C.
Peridot is found in Egypt, Brazil, Hawaii, Arizona, South Africa, Norway, Myanmar, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Australia. The properties of Peridot are protection against harm and the attraction of wealth.
The peridot was believed to be a stone of springtime by ancients who considered it a gift from Mother Nature. Napoleon once made a gift of peridot to Josephine as a symbol of undying love and admiration.
There are a number if different types of quartz each differentiated by composition and crystalline structure. Aqua quartz is a light clear blue colour. Smokey Quartz ranges from light brown to a deep coffee colour with darker flecks of stone, Rock Crystal or Crystal Quartz is totally clear with no colour. Cherry quartz is a cherry red colour. Rose or strawberry Quartz is a soft pink to almost milky pink colour. Quartz can be found in Namibia and South Africa. The properties of Quartz are many from love, peace, happiness, gentleness, healing, clearing the mind, personal pride, joy, protection.
Rock Crystal is the transparent, colourless variety of quartz and is known as rock crystal. Rock Crystal is found in Brazil, Swiss and French Alps, Madagascar and Russia. The properties of Rock Crystal are meditation, healing, health and spiritual well-being.
The pale pink to rose red colour of Rose Quart can range from transparent to translucent. The colour can range from a very pale delicate powder pink to a deeper pink colour. The pink colour comes from the presence of Titanium.
The properties of Rose Quartz are the promotion of peace, happiness and fidelity and love and is known as the love stone. Rose Quartz helps the wear to feel a strong sense of self-worth therefore assisting the wearer or user to love themselves first making it easier to then go on to find love. The stone gives off a gentle vibration of love and inner peace for the wearer.
Rose Quartz is found in Madagascar, Africa, Australia, India and Brazil. Brazil is the only current source of true, well formed crystals of Rose Quartz.
Pearls and Mother of Pearl
A pearl is a naturally formed quirk of nature. A pearl is naturally formed when an irritant enters and lodges in the mantle tissue or either a salt water or freshwater oyster or mollusc. In order to protect itself the oyster will seal the irritant in a coating of conchiolin which triggers the production of nacre. Nacre is a combination of crystalline and organic substances. Nacre is the same material found in the inside of oysters and molluscs and is also known as Mother of Pearl.
It is the nacre which gives luminosity to each pearl. The oyster will then produce numerous coatings of nacre around the irritant until the layers harden to form a pearl. The pearl forming process can take a number of years. Pearls are now produced using the cultured production method. This means that an irritant (a bead for saltwater oysters or a piece of shell for freshwater molluscs) is deliberately placed to initiate the pearl production process. This modern method of pearl production is called the cultured pearl method.
Nacre is the same material found in the inside of oysters and molluscs and is also known as Mother of Pearl. Nacre is a combination of crystalline and organic substances. In order to protect itself the oyster will seal the irritant in a coating of conchiolin which triggers the production of nacre. A pearl is formed when an irritant enters and lodges in the mantle tissue or either a salt water or freshwater oyster or mollusk.
Pearls are said to promote prosperity and success, helps with focus, mediation and wisdom and enhances your aura with calm and beauty. Pearls are harvested in Japan, China, Indonesia and Australia.
Rhodolite is sometimes referred to as "Ceylon-ruby" the rose-pink to ruby-red gem variety of pyrope-almandine garnet is known as "rhodolite," derived from the Greek words rhodon lithos, or "rose-like stone." Rhodochrosite (also known as Inca Rose Stone, Raspberry Spar, Manganese Spar) comes in a variety of shades from bright red to soft shades of pink, and opaque forms with swirling patterns.
Rhodolite like Rose Quartz vibrates with love and is an excellent conductor of energy, creativity and intuition. The stone promotes relaxation and brings a sense of well-being and balance. Rhodochrosite soothes the heart, raises self worth and wards off negativity Rhodonite raises self worth and helps ward off negativity. It is also known as the "rescue stone".
Rhodolite is found in Argentina, Mexico, the U.S.A., Namibia, South Africa, Spain and Romania Primary sources for Rhodolite are found in Kenya, Mozambique, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), the United States, and Zimbabwe.
Similar to lapis lazuli, its blue color is more like traditional royal blue and has a white streak. Sodalite is a dark blue stone with white calcite interspersed. It is sometimes confused with lapis lazuli as it also has small specks of pyrite in it.
Sodalite is the stone of athletics, as it stimulates endurance. It is said Sodalite will harmonize the inner being or the conscious and subconscious mind. Sodalite promotes peace and harmony. Sodalite is extra lucky for writers. Sodalite brings inner peace and is said to harmonize the inner being or the conscious and subconscious mind. Sodalite promotes peace and harmony.
The largest deposit of Sodalite is in Brazil.
Smokey Quartz if found in Brazil, Madagascar, Swiss Alps, Colorado, Australia and Spain. Smokey Quartz is a grounding stone known as a mood elevator. Smokey Quartz is a stone of endurance giving the wear an extra energy boost as well as promoting personal pride and joy in living, relieving depression, helps with perception and learning and creativity in business. It is a focus stone increasing the wearer's ability to start and finish tasks as well as increase organisational skills.
Tiger Eye enables the wearer to 'see everything'. The stone is used to develop clear thinking, insight and courage to reach for goals and to develop luck. When used in jewellery design it is said to bring good luck and protection from the evil eye to the wearer.
Tigereye is a good stone for the mind , it enables the wearer to focus attention on themselves, be aware of one's own needs and focus the mind on achieving goals and provides clarification of thoughts. Tigereye comes in several different colours, gold brown being the most common colouring but it can also be found in blue and red.
Pure Topaz is actually a colourless stone and is transparent. Its various colours come from the tint of other materials found in Topaz. Topaz comes in yellow, pale grey, light orange, blue, and brown. It can also be found in white, green, blue, gold and (rarely) in pink. Topaz is mined in a number of countries such as Brazil or the US.
The properties of Topaz are joy, generosity, abundance and good health. Topaz is said to be the stone of love and good fortune and aids tension and promoted relaxation. Topaz promotes openness and honesty, self-realisation and self-control. It aids problem-solving and assists in expressing ideas. Stabilises the emotions, making the wearer receptive to love from all sources.
Turquoise comes in a range of colours and is known for coming in blue or green. Turquoise was one of the first gemstones to be mined. Turquoise is normally stabilised as it is naturally a very delicate stone. Stabilising strengthens the stone. Turquoise often has dark streaks the result of the effect of iron compounds which are also found where Turquoise is mined. Turquoise is found in Africa, India and the US. Sky blue turquoise is from Persia. The greener variety is found in Russia, Chile, Australia and Cornwall. Native American Indians used it as a protective stone.
Turquoise is a stone that has been prized for many years. The ancient Egyptians used turquoise in jewelry. Turquoise is greenish-blue or pale sky blue. The name means "Turkish stone" as it came to Europe by way of Turkey. Turquoise was mined more than 6,000 years ago in Sinai. The best turquoise comes from Iran, but not much is exported now. Much turquoise comes from Mexico and the United States today.
The properties of Turquoise are spiritual attunment, cleansing, healing, protection, valor, soothing, peace of mind, guidance, romance. Turquoise is the protection stone and also encourages good luck and also brings peace to the home. Turquoise is said to alleviate muscle pain, pain and contains anti-inflammatory and detoxifying effects. Turquoise is one of the oldest protection amulets, and was also known as a symbol of wealth in many ancient cultures.
If given turquoise by a loving friend, that stone would protect the wearer from negative energy and bring good fortune. The turquoise is the symbol of friendship. It also brings peace to the home. Chalk turquoise, another variety of turquoise, is available in bright fuchsia pink,
White jade is a type of jade that is hard and white or semi-translucent white in colour. It is a white glossy/matt colour. The properties of White Jade are decision making, peace and progress. Jade is used to attract love and promote a positive attitude and is also one of the stones for luck.